法国一级Av_ 〖当名〗-永清科教局
淘宝减肥药排行榜十强
只推淘宝安全有效的减肥药

当前位置:法国一级Av > 减肥产品

法国一级Av

时间:2021-04-18 10:57  当涂农业局发布

Environmental rights activists in Eket,AkwaIbom near the Qua Iboe oil export terminal operated by ExxonMobil under a joint venture agreement has accused United States of double standards regarding oil pollution issues. The environmentalists have described the reported use of dispersants near the coast by Mobil Producing Nigeria, Nigerian unit of US oil company ExxonMobil for the containment of the May 1 oil spill as a violation of environmental standards in the oil industry.

{joomplu:2206}{joomplu:2207}{joomplu:2208}

They argued that while the United States government to protect its citizens against the impact of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, an American oil company was perpetrating worse environmental crimes to the detriment

of Nigerians in the oil rich Niger Delta region.

The environmental rights activists under the auspices of Network For Safe and Secured Environment (NESE) told SaharaReporters that residents in coastal communities in AkwaIbon who inhaled the dispersants experienced respiratory discomfort and took ill.

It was gathered that the practice has been ongoing for decades as the entire pipeline network at the Qua Iboe oil fields laid in the 1970’s have outlived the industrywide life span of between 15 and 20 years leading to frequent oil spills from the oil facilities.

Dispersants are chemical substances used to combat oil spills, it dissipates and breaks down the crude oil molecules and removes the oil from the water surface to the sea bed.

Mr. Bob Victor Okon an environmental scientist and the NGO’s Programme Director said that dispersants were toxic to both human and aquatic life addition that its use was restricted to offshore locations away from human settlements.

“The use of dispersants in the control of oil spills is usually not contemplated by environmentally conscious societies because of the impact of the chemicals on the marine ecosystem, it has been scientifically proven that dispersants increase the toxicity levels in the marine environment beyond tolerable limits.

“It is usually not recommended near human settlements because of its toxicity to fi sh eggs, fingerlings and other aquatic life; so there is need for the oil industry regulators to be more discerning before approving the use of toxic chemicals to mitigate oil spill” Okon said.

He said that the NGO was concerned about the toxicity level of the coastal waters since the application of dispersants which distorted the food chain and challenged the management of the oil firm to urgently take steps to remediate the damages done to the environment.

“We demand that Mobil should immediately start conservation projects in its host communities to mediate the damages done to the environment since they commenced operations in the 1970’s, this will restore the environment to its natural state

“This is in addition to the conduct of an independent study o n the toxicity of the coastal waters to determine when it will become safe to advise fishermen to commence fishing activities which was suspended when

the spill occurred in May ” Okon said.

Okon regretted that Nigeria leaders lack the awareness and interest in environmental issues and were ill prepared to engage oil firms to maintain high safety and environmental standards in their operations but rather collaborated with Multinational oil companies to perpetrate crimes against the environment that cannot be tolerated in their home countries.

“Nigerians are at the receiving end and we cannot allow multinationals to flout our environmental laws, look at how the US President reacted when a British oil firm BP had an oil spill that affected American citizens but an American oil company, Mobil frequently does the same thing here and it is swept under the carpet”, Okon said.

In a reaction to the allegations of using toxic chemical dispersants to contain the spill, Mobil Producing Nigeria Management wryly said that dispersants does not pose any health hazard.

“Dispersants are not toxic to humans, they evaporate immediately after application. They do not constitute health hazards to humans and aquatic life. Dispersant use is approved by regulatory agency” a company spokesman said.

SaharaReporters investigations however showed that Mobil did not obtain the said approval from the Nation Oil Spills Detection and Response Agency empowered by existing legislation to grant approval for the use of dispersants in oil spill incidents

2. EXXONMOBIL ADMITS MINOR SPILL IN NIGERIA

MOBIL Producing Nigeria, a subsidiary of the American oil and gas major, ExxonMobil, has finally admitted its facilities in AkwaIbom State, spewed some crude that affected Bonny Island in Rivers State.

Their response is coming three days after our correspondent has been pressing company officials for comments on the incident which occured on Saturday.

Mr. AkaniyereEsiere, spokesperson for the American oil giant told AkanimoReports on Thursday that it was a very minor discharge. But local sources in Eket, AkwaIbom State, some of whom included past operatives of the oil company claimed on Wednesday night that ExxonMobil is an insensitive company on oil spill issues.

According to the sources, Nigerian officials who have risen to the positions of directors and managers are the major problem of the company. A former company functionary specificall said, ''the worse top managers of ExxonMobil are those of AkwaIbom origin''.

In a text message to AkanimoReports, Mr. Esiere, however, said, ''Mobil Producing Nigeria confirms that a very minor discharge occurred at Yoho production platform. Regulatory authorities were notified and discharge was dispersed and evacuated''.

It is being alleged that some 10,000 barrels of crude was involved. While this was not immediately ascertain, a former company worker claimed that minor discharges are almost a daily occurence in ExxonMobil facilities in Eket.

Local fishermen in Bonny, a bustling natural gas island of Rivers State, on Monday blew the whistle on the current incident. The fishermen are accusing the oil major of what they described as ''a desperate attempt'' to cover up a fresh oil spill in the area.

According to the fishermen, ''a catastrophic oil spill occured last Saturday at ExxonMobil's Yoho oilfield location in AkwaIbom state''. The fishermen are operating under the name, Organization of Fishermen, Sea food Dealers and Farmers in Niger Delta (OFSDF/ND).

Chairman of the group's board of trustees, Mr. Richard Abbey, on Monday claimed that the spill occurred around 4.30 - 5pm during the loading of a foreign vessel, Northstar, on

Saturday June 19, 2010, when suddenly a burst from the host linking the Yoho field location, to the company’s Floating, Storage, Offloading, (FS O) tanker.

The spill, he insisted, has gradually spread to Amanam, Chevron oil field and the Bonny anchorage in Bonny Island, Rivers state.

He, however, disclosed that the American oil giant responded swiftly to the spillage, discharging two boats to curtail the flow but condemned the company’s decision to spread dispersant(分散剂) chemical on the sea, an action he said was intended to conceal any trace of the spill from the community and fishermen in order to avoid payment of necessary compensation to the two entities who are hit by the environmental disaster.

He argued, ''if one of the measures to tackle the spill is spreading dangerous dispersant chemical on the sea we are seriously against it because it is capable of endangering the lives of aquatic species on the sea, and do further harm to fishermen whose lives depend on the sea. The spread of the chemical itself is another crime added to the crude oil spill that has done enough ecological damage to the sea''.

Commenting on the effect of oil spill within the fishing area, Mr.AkpanEsuet a fisherman in the area, regretted that apart from its bad effect on the ecosystem, many fishermen, whose means of livelihood is tied to the ocean, are now without visible source of income.

Similarly, he noted, the multi-national oil company’s dispersant chemical sprayed on the affected waters has adversely affected the people, as indigenes of the area now complain of eye problems from the wind blowing from the Atlantic Ocean.

ExxonMobil, he said, is yet to own up to the occurrence, but added that the desperate attempt to conceal the spill is not only seen as evil and dangerous but a desperate attempt to shy away from responsibility.

The fishermen are calling on relevant authorities to warn the oil company as the alleged deliberate attempt to avoid the compensation of both the community and fishermen directly affected might be their greatest undoing.

They have decried the mode of settlement by transnational oil companies in the event of a spill. According to them when a spillage occurs, companies are always in the habit of settling only the host community, without realising that the fishermen who toil on the sea are the most affected.

Some of the fishermen who are lamenting over the development stated that majority of the fishermen who fish on the sea come from diverse ethnic groups and reside in fishing ports, so, they neither live in the community nor are they members of the community. In the event of a spill they are not allowed to benefit from the community compensation hence, they are making a case and are prepared to challenge multinational companies in the court of law if that is what is required to make them see reason why they also must be

compensated. After all they maintained that they are the ones whose source of livelihood has been directly taken away as a result of the pollution.

On the May 2010 spill that occurred in AkwaIbom state, Mr. Richard Abbey the OFSDF/ND helmsman disclosed that the compensation money has generated a lot of controversy following rejection the of N600 million naira compensation money given by Mobil.

Similarly, he also added that the spill in Ibeno, AkwaIbom has been curtailed but there is some leakages. he condemned the clamping work done maintaining that a lot of work need to be done asl drifts from the clamped pipes still pollutes the sea.

On Shell’s reaction to the Oloma, Bonny spillage, he lambasted the multinational company over their decision to hold meeting with companies that to start the repairs of the flow line replacement, instead of embarking first on a cleaning up the spill, compensation of the affected community and fishermen before arranging on the repairs. He used the opportunity to call on Shell to expedite action and come up with workable modalities on how to compensate the fishermen and the community affected while making efforts to proffer final solution to curb the effect of the Oloma spill.. He also warned that the Organization of Fishermen, Sea food Dealers and Farmers in Niger Delta (OFSDF/ND) will not fail to take appropriate action should they fail to consider the plight of the fishermen.

The issue of compensation, accusations of conspiracy by multinational companies and sabotage has been constant points to contend with in this spillage drama. It is no longer news that those living in Nigeria's oil-rich delta are suffering a human rights tragedy inflicted by decades of environmental damage caused in large part by multinational companies. The contamination has damaged farmland, destroyed fish stocks and polluted the air and water, while oil companies' response has been misleading or inadequate. However, it has been alleged that multinational companies has exploited the instability and lack of oversight to cover up oil spills caused by its own out-of-date or faulty equipment and these are the fundamental issues that need to be addressed hence, the constant call by the fishermen organisation to oil companies to own up to their responsibilities. ENDS

http://www.allvoices.com/contributed-news/6151409-exxonmobil-admits-minor-spill-in-nigeria 3. Exxon-Mobil (American)

Mobil Producing Nigeria Unlimited (MPNU): A joint venture between the NNPC (60%)

and Exxon-Mobil (40%) operates in shallow water off AkwaIbom state in the

southeastern delta and averaged production of 632,000 bbl/d (100,500 m3/d) in 1997,

making it the second largest producer, as against 543,000 pbd in 1996. Mobil also holds

a 50% interest in a Production Sharing Contract for a deep water block further offshore,

and is reported to plan to increase output to 900,000 bbl/d (143,000 m3/d) by 2000. Oil

industry sources indicate that Mobil is likely to overtake Shell as the largest producer in Nigeria within the next five years, if current trends continue, mainly due to its offshore

base allowing it refuge from the strife Shell has experienced onshore. It is

headquartered in Eket and operates in Nigeria under the subsidiary of Mobil Producing

Nigeria (MPN).

4. The domination of the Nigerian oil industry by foreigners came under attack today as the Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (PENGASSAN) i n Mobil Producing Nigeria (MPN) commenced an indefinite strike over the sacking of 84 Nigerian oil workers by the company.

The workers, numbering hundreds, blocked the gates to the Qua Iboe Terminal at Ibeno, AkwaIbom, as they reported for work at the facility.

The Nigerian oil workers in ExxonMobil’s Nigerian unit began the showdown with the management arguing that the sacking indigenous workers in the guise of cost-cutting is against Nigeria’s national interests and leaves the oil sector in the hands of expatriates.

They are accusing the oil firm of discriminatory labour practices that favour expatriates at the expense of indigenous manpower. The labour leaders said they were compelled to embark on the strike because the management of the oil firm sacked the affected workers unilaterally, without consulting the union, in violation of laid-down procedures.

Union executives from PENGASSAN and NUPENG in Mobil addressed the workers and advised them to withdraw their services until they were advised to return to work by union officials.

Eze Jude Nwaogu, Chairman of Mobil branch of PENGASSAN said in Ibeno that the strike would continue until the management of the oil firm reinstates the sacked workers.

http://saharareporters.com/news-page/nigerian-oil-workers-shut-down-exxonmobil-over-sack-84-nigerian-workers-and-expatriate-quo

5. Nigeria's state oil company said on Monday that ExxonMobil has until Thursday to express its interest in three large oil-drilling licences that the U.S. energy firm says it has already been granted. Exxon says it signed agreements in 2009 with the Nigerian government for the long-term renewal of licences OML 67, 68 and 70, which it operates as part of a joint venture with state-run Nigerian National Petroleum Corp (NNPC).

The Nigerian government has said Exxon needs to express an interest in acquiring licences for these blocks. 'The Nigerian government has given Exxon seven days to express an interest in these licences. Those seven days expire on Thursday,' an NNPC spokesman said. The disputed blocks are situated in the shallow water creeks of the Niger Delta and are some of the largest oil-producing assets in Africa's largest energy industry, with a combined capacity of more than 500,000 barrels per day.

'MPN (Exxon), as operator, strongly maintains that the NNPC-MPN joint venture's long-term rights in those leases are entirely valid and legally binding,' Gloria Essien-Danner, Exxon Nigeria executive director, said in a statement. 'Accordingly, MPN will vigorously protect the rights that it acquired in 2009,' she said. Exxon said it would work with the government to resolve any 'confusion' over the leases.

Delays to wide-ranging energy reforms mean several expired drilling licences dating back as far as 2008 have not been renewed with foreign oil companies, including Royal Dutch Shell and Chevron. The Nigerian government has been reluctant to sign new deals until the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), which is likely to increase royalties and taxes, has been passed into law. But the ambitious reforms have been subject to numerous delays and amendments, making the details of the final draft unclear.

Oil executives have said billions of dollars of investment are on hold until there is clarity. Nigeria's parliament is debating the bill, but the current administration ends later this month. If the PIB is not passed by then, new lawmakers may make amendments that could lead to months of further delays.

The government hopes the bill will tackle issues including funding shortfalls at its joint ventures with foreign firms, insecurity in the Niger Delta, increasing local involvement in the industry and production of more gas for domestic power.

http://www.egyptoil-gas.com/read_article_international.php?NID=1980

猜你喜欢

最安全有效的减肥药

最安全有效的减肥药

编辑:小徐

现在的减肥药真的是真假难分,在选择减肥药的同时也应该更加小心,减肥药多种多样,那么如何才能选择最安全有效的减肥药,也成了很多小仙女的内心疑问,下面就跟着法国一级Av小编一起看一下,如何选择最安全有效的减肥药。 最安全有效的减肥药选购方法 1、首先需要观察产品的外包装,在包装中可以看到其配方是不是含有激素,含有激素的减肥药对身体的内..

吃减肥药失眠

吃减肥药失眠

编辑:小徐

随着现在流行以瘦为美,很多人会不顾身体的健康选择减肥药,达到快速减肥瘦身的效果,但是很多减肥药都是有副作用的,副作用比较轻的就是失眠现象,那么吃减肥药出现失眠是怎么回事儿?如果出现失眠后,我们应该怎样缓解? 吃减肥药失眠是怎么回事 减肥药中富含安非他命,所以减肥药服用了太多会有失眠现象,服用减肥药期间,身体会逐渐出现抗药性,身..

最新文章